Ubuntu install of ROS Indigo
We are building Debian packages for several Ubuntu platforms, listed below. These packages are more efficient than source-based builds and are our preferred installation method for Ubuntu.
If you need to install from source (not recommended), please see source (download-and-compile) installation instructions.
If you rely on these packages, please support OSRF.
These packages are built and hosted on infrastructure maintained and paid for by the Open Source Robotics Foundation, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. If OSRF were to receive one penny for each downloaded package for just two months, we could cover our annual costs to manage, update, and host all of our online services. Please consider donating to OSRF today.
ROS Indigo ONLY supports Saucy (13.10) and Trusty (14.04) for debian packages.
Configure your Ubuntu repositories
Configure your Ubuntu repositories to allow "restricted," "universe," and "multiverse." You can follow the Ubuntu guide for instructions on doing this.
Setup your sources.list
Setup your computer to accept software from packages.ros.org.
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.ros.org/ros/ubuntu $(lsb_release -sc) main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'
Set up your keys
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver 'hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80' --recv-key C1CF6E31E6BADE8868B172B4F42ED6FBAB17C654
If you experience issues connecting to the keyserver, you can try substituting hkp://pgp.mit.edu:80 or hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 in the previous command.
Alternatively, you can use curl instead of the apt-key command, which can be helpful if you are behind a proxy server:
curl -sSL 'http://keyserver.ubuntu.com/pks/lookup?op=get&search=0xC1CF6E31E6BADE8868B172B4F42ED6FBAB17C654' | sudo apt-key add -
First, make sure your Debian package index is up-to-date:
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install dpkg
If you are using Ubuntu Trusty 14.04.2 and experience dependency issues during the ROS installation, you may have to install some additional system dependencies.
Do not install these packages if you are using 14.04, it will destroy your X server:
sudo apt-get install xserver-xorg-dev-lts-trusty mesa-common-dev-lts-trusty libxatracker-dev-lts-trusty libopenvg1-mesa-dev-lts-trusty libgles2-mesa-dev-lts-trusty libgles1-mesa-dev-lts-trusty libgl1-mesa-dev-lts-trusty libgbm-dev-lts-trusty libegl1-mesa-dev-lts-trusty
Do not install the above packages if you are using 14.04, it will destroy your X server
Alternatively, try installing just this to fix dependency issues:
sudo apt-get install libgl1-mesa-dev-lts-trusty
There are many different libraries and tools in ROS. We provided four default configurations to get you started. You can also install ROS packages individually.
Indigo uses Gazebo 2 which is the default version of Gazebo on Trusty and is recommended. If you would like to instead use a newer version of Gazebo (5, 6 or 7), refer to these instructions on the Gazebo site. Note that installing a newer version of Gazebo will require you to build dependent packages (such as turtlebot_gazebo) to be built from source. See also Using a specific Gazebo version with ROS.
sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-desktop-full
or click here
sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-desktop
or click here
ROS-Base: (Bare Bones) ROS package, build, and communication libraries. No GUI tools.
sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-ros-base
or click here
Individual Package: You can also install a specific ROS package (replace underscores with dashes of the package name):
sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-PACKAGEe.g.
sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-slam-gmapping
To find available packages, use:
apt-cache search ros-indigo
Before you can use ROS, you will need to initialize rosdep. rosdep enables you to easily install system dependencies for source you want to compile and is required to run some core components in ROS.
sudo rosdep init rosdep update
It's convenient if the ROS environment variables are automatically added to your bash session every time a new shell is launched:
echo "source /opt/ros/indigo/setup.bash" >> ~/.bashrc source ~/.bashrc
If you have more than one ROS distribution installed, ~/.bashrc must only source the setup.bash for the version you are currently using.
If you just want to change the environment of your current shell, you can type:
If you use zsh instead of bash you need to run the following commands to set up your shell:
echo "source /opt/ros/indigo/setup.zsh" >> ~/.zshrc source ~/.zshrc
rosinstall is a frequently used command-line tool in ROS that is distributed separately. It enables you to easily download many source trees for ROS packages with one command.
To install this tool on Ubuntu, run:
sudo apt-get install python-rosinstall
Build farm status
Now, to test your installation, please proceed to the ROS Tutorials.