Hydro Full Install on Debian from source
There are no precompiled binaries of ROS for Debian, while it seems that most of the dependencies are being pulled into the main repositories there are still some missing so compiling requires that the dependencies be made from source as well. This tutorial goes through an example of doing this for a machine running Debian Wheezy.
Configure your Debian repositories Setup your computer to accept software from packages.ros.org:
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.ros.org/ros/ubuntu wheezy main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'
Set up your keys:
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ros/rosdistro/master/ros.key -O - | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-get update
Install bootstrap dependencies :
sudo apt-get install python-rosdep python-rosinstall-generator python-wstool build-essential
Next ensure rosdep has been initialized:
sudo rosdep init rosdep update
Create a catkin Workspace
In order to build the core packages, you will need a catkin work-space. Create one now:
mkdir ~/ros_catkin_ws cd ~/ros_catkin_ws
Next we will want to fetch the core packages so we can build them. We will use wstool for this. Select the wstool command for the particular variant you want to install: Desktop-Full Install: ROS, rqt, rviz, robot-generic libraries, 2D/3D simulators, navigation and 2D/3D perception
rosinstall_generator desktop_full --rosdistro hydro --deps --wet-only > hydro-desktop-full-wet.rosinstall wstool init -j8 src hydro-desktop-full-wet.rosinstall
This will add all of the catkin or wet packages in the given variant and then fetch the sources into the ~/ros_catkin_ws/src directory. The command will take a few minutes to download all of the core ROS packages into the src folder. The -j8 option downloads 8 packages in parallel. The time out is fairly quick, so if you have download cuts out restart it with the following
wstool update -j 4 -t src
Before you can build your catkin work-space you need to make sure that you have all the required dependencies. We use the rosdep tool for this:
rosdep install --from-paths src --ignore-src --rosdistro hydro -y -r --os=debian:wheezy
This will look at all of the packages in the src directory and find all of the dependencies they have. Then it will recursively install the dependencies.
The --from-paths option indicates we want to install the dependencies for an entire directory of packages, in this case src.
The --ignore-src option indicates to rosdep that it shouldn't try to install any ROS packages in the src folder from the package manager, we don't need it to since we are building them ourselves.
The --rosdistro option is required because we don't have a ROS environment setup yet, so we have to indicate to rosdep what version of ROS we are building for.
The -y option indicates to rosdep that we don't want to be bothered by too many prompts from the package manager. After a while (and maybe some prompts for your password) rosdep will finish installing system dependencies and you can continue.
- The -r flag causes rosdep to ignore minor errors. This is necessary to get the base dependencies installed. After the packages following this section have been installed it would be a good idea to run this command again without the -r to see if there are any dependencies that you forgot or didn't have in your base system (i.e. packages different from what the author of this tutorial had installed).
The --os flag was necessary for the author because of differences in the way that the wheezy version of debian stores version information and what rosdep is expecting. If you are having trouble with any of the dependencies rosdep is supposed to get, make sure that you have the package name right by getting the rosdep base.yaml from this http://docs.ros.org/independent/api/rosdep/html/contributing_rules.html
Once all of the dependencies below are installed you should be able to run rosdep install excluding the -r option without errors by makeing sure all your dependencies are listed in the base.yaml.
Dependencies not available in the Debian Repositories
At the time this article was written (11/2013) the packages for the following libraries did not exist in the Debian stable repository. Collada and Point cloud needed to be downloaded from their respective developers and compiled. Bullet and Python kitchen are available in the testing/experimental repositories and directions are given to back-port them. Please update this tutorial by removing these steps if you notice that they become available in stable.
One place to do this is in a external folder in your catkin work-space. Also install checkinstall.
mkdir ~/ros_catkin_ws/external_src sudo apt-get install checkinstall
If you are running Debian wheezy instead of testing or unstable, you need to get some packages that are only available there. These packages in stable and testing/unstable are often not binary compatible so they need to be back-ported as in the following directions.
Get the unstable source in your apt repository lists.
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb-src http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian unstable main contrib non-free" >> /etc/apt/sources.list'
Add the wheezy-backports repository in your apt repository lists.
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian wheezy-backports main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list' sudo apt-get update
apt-get install python-kitchen
cd ~/ros_catkin_ws/external_src mkdir backports cd backports sudo apt-get build-dep libbullet-dev sudo apt-get -b source libbullet-dev sudo dpkg -i *.deb
Installing Point Cloud
Install the point cloud libraries from a PPA
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-key 19274DEF sudo echo "deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/v-launchpad-jochen-sprickerhof-de/pcl/ubuntu maverick main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install libpcl-all
Install Collada Dom
Download the collada-dom compressed file (tarball) from the official website.
cd ~/ros_catkin_ws/external_src mv ~/Downloads/collada-dom-2.4.0.tgz . tar -xzf collada-dom-2.4.0.tgz cd collada-dom-2.4.0 sudo apt-get install libxml2-dev cmake . make sudo checkinstall make install
When check-install asks for documentation you need to update the package name from "collada-dom" to "collada-dom-dev" otherwise the rosdep install wont find it.
Implement this fix: http://sourceforge.net/mailarchive/forum.php?thread_name=From_noreply%40sourceforge.net_Sat_Jul_07_17%3A37%3A11_2012&forum_name=playerstage-developers (In our case, filepath is ~/ros_catkin_ws/external_src/player-3.0.2/server/drivers/shell/readlog.cc)
cd ~/ros_catkin_ws/external_src mv ~/Downloads/player-3.0.2.tar.gz . tar -xzf player-3.0.2.tar.gz #fix players libz bug cd player-3.0.2/ cmake . make sudo checkinstall make install
Download sdformat via Mercurial. So install Mercurial if you do not have it already:
sudo apt-get install mercurial
cd ~/ros_catkin_ws/external_src hg clone https://bitbucket.org/osrf/sdformat sdformat cd sdformat cmake . make sudo checkinstall make install
Install build dependencies:
sudo apt-get install build-essential libtinyxml-dev libtbb-dev libxml2-dev libqt4-dev pkg-config libprotoc-dev libfreeimage-dev libprotobuf-dev protobuf-compiler libboost-all-dev freeglut3-dev cmake libogre-dev libtar-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev libcegui-mk2-dev libopenal-dev
cd ~/ros_catkin_ws/external_src hg clone https://bitbucket.org/osrf/gazebo gazebo cd gazebo hg up gazebo_1.9 cmake . make sudo checkinstall make install
Finally run the build and install command. To install somewhere other than your home directory use the --install-space option.
cd ~/ros_catkin_ws ./src/catkin/bin/catkin_make_isolated --install -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release echo "source ~/ros_catkin_ws/install_isolated/setup.bash" >> ~/.bashrc
Note: You might want to select a different CMake build type (e.g. RelWithDebInfo or Debug, see http://cmake.org/cmake/help/v2.8.12/cmake.html#variable:CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE).
Now you have to reboot.
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