Ubuntu install of ROS Hydro
We are building Debian packages for several Ubuntu platforms, listed below. These packages are more efficient than source-based builds and are our preferred installation method for Ubuntu.
If you need to install from source (not recommended), please see source (download-and-compile) installation instructions.
Configure your Ubuntu repositories
Configure your Ubuntu repositories to allow "restricted", "universe", and "multiverse". Also make sure to have "recommended updates" enabled. You can follow the Ubuntu guide for instructions on doing this.
Setup your sources.list
Note that this is for installing the PR2 ROS debians and does not contain instructions for setting up the real PR2. Setup your computer to accept software from packages.ros.org and Clearpath Robotics. ROS Hydro ONLY supports Precise, Quantal, and Raring for debian packages.
Ubuntu 12.04 (Precise)
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.ros.org/ros/ubuntu precise main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'
Ubuntu 12.10 (Quantal)
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.ros.org/ros/ubuntu quantal main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'
Ubuntu 13.04 (Raring)
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.ros.org/ros/ubuntu raring main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'
You could also use a geographically closer mirror from the following page but you might want to check how up-to-date it is: ROS/Installation/UbuntuMirrors
Get released packages earlier
After a new version of a package has been released it takes some time until it gets synced into the public repositories referenced above. This is mostly to give it some soak time and check for regressions.
If you don't want to wait for the sync but want to use the latest-and-greatest version of ROS packages (even if that might sometime get you unstable packages) you can switch to a different apt repository. You need to change the above entry to use the following URL instead:
Set up your keys
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ros/rosdistro/master/ros.key -O - | sudo apt-key add -
First, make sure your Debian package index is up-to-date:
sudo apt-get update
There are many different libraries and tools in ROS. We provided four default configurations to get you started. You can also install ROS packages individually.
NOTE: You may get a prompt about hddtemp when you do the install below: you can safely answer no to the prompt if you are not installing on an actual PR2.
sudo apt-get install ros-hydro-desktop-fullor click here
sudo apt-get install ros-hydro-desktopor click here
ROS-Base: (Bare Bones) ROS package, build, and communication libraries. No GUI tools.
sudo apt-get install ros-hydro-ros-baseor click here
Individual Package: You can also install a specific ROS package (replace underscores with dashes of the package name):
sudo apt-get install ros-hydro-PACKAGE
sudo apt-get install ros-hydro-slam-gmapping
To find available packages, use:
apt-cache search ros-hydro
Before you can use ROS, you will need to initialize rosdep. rosdep enables you to easily install system dependencies for source you want to compile and is required to run some core components in ROS.
sudo rosdep init rosdep update
It's convenient if the ROS environment variables are automatically added to your bash session every time a new shell is launched:
echo "source /opt/ros/hydro/setup.bash" >> ~/.bashrc source ~/.bashrc
If you have more than one ROS distribution installed, ~/.bashrc must only source the setup.bash for the version you are currently using.
If you just want to change the environment of your current shell, you can type:
rosinstall is a frequently used command-line tool in ROS that is distributed separately. It enables you to easily download many source trees for ROS packages with one command.
To install this tool on Ubuntu, run:
sudo apt-get install python-rosinstall
Now, to test your installation, please proceed to the ROS Tutorials.