ROS Fuerte Turtle
ROS Fuerte Turtle是第5个ROS发行版，于2012年4月23日发布。ROS Fuerte主要包含更容易与其他软件框架和工具集成的重大改进，这包括重写的构建系统、迁移到Qt框架以及继续过渡到独立库。ROS旨在使机器人代码更可重用，而这一版本为下一代强大的机器人库奠定了坚实的基础。
Please see the installation instructions.
Stack contributors: debian build status
ROS Fuerte Turtle is primarily targeted at the Ubuntu Lucid, Oneiric, and Precise releases, though it can also be installed on various Linux systems like Red Hat, Debian, and Gentoo. It can also be used on OSes like Mac OS X, FreeBSD, Android, and Windows, though with more limited compatibility. For more information on compatibility, please see REP 3: Target Platforms.
Major Updates and Library Versions
Strong new build foundation
The low-level ROS libraries (ros, ros_comm, actionlib) can now be easily compiled into non-ROS-based frameworks. This new pure-CMake-based build system, called catkin, makes it easy to integrate these libraries using standard CMake find_package and pkg-config tools. The old rosbuild-based build system is still available.
New filesystem layout
The low-level ROS libraries now install into a standard lib, include, share layout (documentation). This migration towards a Filesystem Hierarchy Standard layout enables easier integration of ROS with other tools.
Standalone ROS message libraries
ROS message data structures in the common_msgs, std_msgs, and rosgraph_msgs packages can now be easily used in non-ROS frameworks with minimal system dependendencies. This increases portability of code between different robot software frameworks.
rviz has been rewritten to use the Qt framework, which improves integration with platforms like OS X. The new RViz also features numerous usability and compatibility improvements.
Gazebo 1.0 is a major rewrite of the software simulation library. It includes a new backend architecture that significantly boosts performance.
PCL 1.5 features a new tracking library, performance boosts, and other major improvements.
rosdep has been rewritten and is now an external tool (you must install it separately). This enables rosdep to be updated more frequently to improve compatiblity with other platforms. The new rosdep also uses a centralized database (no more <stack>/rosdep.yaml), which makes it easier to submit new rules for inclusion.
New rospkg package/stack library
The new standalone rospkg Python library provides a stable API for manipulating ROS package/stack information.
The Fuerte Migration Guide covers the most of the changes that you may need to do in order to upgrade to ROS Fuerte. Most of these changes are based on removing features that were deprecated in ROS Fuerte, and most are based on migrating libraries to standard system installs.
camera_drivers: No driver packages remain (<<Ticket(ros-pkg 5183)>>). It is now an empty umbrella stack, but remains as a documentation node.
pcl: should now be used as a standard system dependency, which means you must update your CMakeLists.txt to link against them directly and add include directories as appropriate.
rx: this stack is now end-of-life. Qt-based alternatives to the rx* tools will become available in ROS Groovy.
Please see the planning page.